Well, Murtagon has been hard at work while I’ve been idle, and yesterday completed his labours with an awesome 485 descendants of the Catholic Kings alive on 1st November 1700 and theoretically in line for the combined thrones of Castile and Aragón. At this rate it might be one day in 2021 that I catch up, but let’s at least make a start with that post #4, linked above.
The Emperor Ferdinand I, grandson of the aforementioned monarchs, had altogether 15 children from his marriage with Anna Jagiellon, in whose right he became elected King of Bohemia, Hungary and Croatia prior to his further election as King of the Romans and eventual accession as Emperor. The children consisted of four boys and no fewer than eleven girls, one each boy and girl dying young. That leaves three boys to be considered first, rapidly reducing to one. That remaining boy was Karl II, Archduke of Austria, and his entire descent eligible for listing is contained in post #4, just six names in all – this due not to paucity of descent, there was any amount of it, but to intermarriage introducing more senior lines.
But before we look at that process let’s look at what happened to the two (elder) boys. The first of them was the Emperor Maximilian II, and as explained above his sole legitimate descent was through his daughter Anna and her marriage to Felipe II of Spain, whose line was senior to that of his cousin and brother-in-law Maximilian. That disposes of him but not the next brother, who was Ferdinand II of Tyrol and Further Austria.
And who had descent from two wives, but descent from the first was doubly problematic, being morganatic in the first generation and illegitimate in the second, and from the second no longer surviving by the thread key date. So now we can return to Karl II and his posterity. He also had 15 children, six boys and nine girls this time, but was not as fortunate as his parents in that two each boys and girls died in childhood. Of the remaining 11, we must consider the four boys first.
The eldest of these to survive was the future Emperor Ferdinand II. He married twice but had a mere seven children from the first marriage, four boys and three girls, and none at all from the second. The first two boys died young and the fourth left a remarkable legacy as an art collector (1614) but none of flesh and blood, never marrying. That leaves the third, who succeeded his father as Emperor Ferdinand III.
He married three times and had issue each time, but the first marriage was to a daughter of Felipe III of Spain, a senior line. The second was to a daughter of the above-mentioned Ferdinand II of Further Austria, a senior line, and anyway produced only one child, a son who was himself childless. And the third marriage? To Eleonora Gonzaga, discussed in post #136 above and from a senior line. Forget Ferdinand III then, and we already dealt with his brothers so now let’s look at his three sisters instead.
The eldest of these died young. The second was wed to her first cousin Maximilian I of Bavaria, and they had two children together, both boys. Of which the elder, Ferdinand Maria of Bavaria, married Adelaïde Henriette of Savoy and had children but hers was a senior line, as discussed above in post #136 again. And with the second we have paydirt! He was Maximilian Philip Hieronymus, Duke of Bavaria-Leuchtenberg. He did marry, did not have children but, living to 1705, after all the above is the very first name to feature in the post #4 list.
Nothing eventuates from the last sister, Cecilia Renata, who married Władisław IV of Poland but had only one child, a son who died aged seven. OK, if you haven’t been keeping up I don’t blame you, but we have now dealt with the entire descent of the Emperor Ferdinand II, producing that one eligible person who had not been previously covered. We still have to find another five to finish Karl II’s qualifying descent, for which we turn first to Ferdinand II’s three younger brothers, sons like him of Karl II of Austria.
They won’t detain us long. The first, Maximilian Ernst, was a Teutonic Knight and so could not marry. The second, Leopold, married and had children and further descent besides. However, at the thread date his only surviving legitimate descendant was Ferdinando Carlo of Mantua who was, you guessed it, of senior line and is discussed in post #136. And the third, Karl, was a bishop and subsequently Grand Master of the Teutonic Order and could be lawfully married in neither capacity.
So now we turn to their sisters, the seven daughters of Karl II that survived infancy. The eldest of these, Anna, married Zygmunt III August of Poland and had children but no descent surviving by the time 1st November 1700 rolled round. The second, Maria, was wed to Sigismund Báthory of Transylvania but had no children. The third, Katharina, died unmarried aged 23. The fourth was Eleonora, a nun. The fifth, Margaret, was wife to Felipe III of Spain, a senior line.
We are whistling through, nor will the sixth, Constance, provide much of a hold-up. She married Zygmunt III August of Poland after he was widowed from her elder sister Anna, and like Anna had children but no surviving descent at the key date. But with the seventh, Maria Magdalena, we hit paydirt once more, accounting for the next five names in post #4, and the remaining eligible descent of her father Karl II of Austria.
Her husband was Cosimo II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and their children numbered eight, five boys and three girls, of whom one boy died unwed at the age of 19. The eldest girl did also, though attaining the slightly greater aged of 22, leaving four boys and two girls to be considered. But in fact the eldest boy, Grand Duke Ferdinando II, accounts for all five names remaining, beginning with his son Grand Duke Cosimo III and three grandchildren through him, Grand Prince (title as heir apparent) Ferdinando, Grand Duke Gian Gastone, as famous for his excesses as his father had been for gloomy piety, and Anna Maria Luisa, last of the Medici, who left the incomparable family art collection to the people of Tuscany in perpetuity.
The last and sixth name is that of Francesco Maria, younger brother of Cosimo III. He had an ecclesiastical career, attaining the cardinalate, but late in life was dispensed from his vows and married in an ultimately futile attempt to produce the Medici heir that plainly was never going to be provided by either of his nephews.
We are done then with Karl II, and must now look for the source of the remaining four names listed in post #4. But first we must account for the three remaining sons and two daughters of Cosimo II and Maria Magdalena. Of the boys, first comes Gian Carlo, a bishop, then Matteo, who had a distinguished career both governmentally and militarily but remained a bachelor lifelong, and finally Leopoldo, a cardinal who continued as such to the end of his days.
The girls were first Margherita, who married Odoardo I of Parma and in fact is through their union the sole conduit for descent from her parents to the present day. However she provides nothing for the list, as all her descendants living at the key date had other and more senior lines from the Catholic Kings. And secondly Anna, who married and had children and even grandchildren, but her descent was entirely extinct by that date.
So, wherefrom do the remaining four names arise? If you remember, and it’s understandable if you don’t, we have now dealt with all the sons of the Emperor Ferdinand I and therefore look next to his daughters. The eldest of these to have issue was Anna, Duchess of Bavaria as consort of Duke Albrecht V. She again had a very abundant posterity by the thread date, much of which was again eliminated by the introduction of more senior lines. Our remaining names consist of the first few that weren’t. Albrecht and Anna had six sons and one daughter between them, of whom one son died in infancy. And those vexed four names were all descendants of the eldest son to survive, Wilhelm V of Bavaria.
But having listed them Murtagon gave up until the next post, which continues with the further descent of Wilhelm V and the other qualifying descendants of Anna, eldest daughter of Ferdinand I. And I think I too will give up until my next post, having covered only 60% of the short post #4 list in this long post of mine. So next time will begin with eligible descendants of Wilhelm V and siblings, starting with that missing 40% and continuing into post #5.