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DavidV

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Reply with quote  #916 
September 30:
489: Battle of Verona. The Ostrogoths under King Theodric the Great defeat the forces of Odoacer, who had been King of Italy since 476, the date set as the "Fall of Rome". The post-Roman order in Western Europe was in its infancy, but under Odoacer and then the Ostrogths, the concept of a "Kingdom of Italy" was established and existed in some form or another from 476 to 1946.
 
737: Battle of the Baggage. In Central Asia, the Umayyad Caliphate is stopped dead in its tracks by a coalition of Turkic and Iranian forces. It was only temporary, for Islam would come to dominate a Central Asia where Persian and Chinese influences had once held sway.
 
1399: Henry IV takes the throne of England, initiating the rule of the House of Lancaster branch of the Plantagenets, deposing Richard II.
 
1744: Battle of Madonna dell'Olmo. France and Spain defeat Sardinia and the Habsburgs.
 
1966: Botswana becomes an independent nation, previously a British protectorate.
Ethiomonarchist

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Reply with quote  #917 
We missed an anniversary! [eek]

September 27, 2016 was the 100th Anniversary of a momentous occassion in Ethiopian history.  On this day that Ethiopian Orthodox Christians gather to celebrate the finding of the True Cross of Christ by St. Helena (or Eleni as she is refered to there), the nobility of the Ethiopian Empire gathered in Addis Ababa in 1916, and announced to the world that Lij Iyasu, the uncrowned Emperor (had he been crowned he would have been Iyasu V) had been excommunicated from the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church for apostasy and conversion to Islam.  The nobility had therefore been released from their oaths of loyalty to him and had duly removed him from the Imperial throne.  Therefore, the daughter of the late Emperor Menelik II was proclaimed Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah, Empress Zewditu, Elect of God, Queen of Kings of Ethiopia.  At the same time, the Empress' second cousin, Dejazmatch Tafari Makonnen was elevated to the title of Leul Ras (Prince-Duke) and proclaimed Prince Regent and Heir to the Throne. In 1930, Tafari Makonnen would succeed Empress Zewditu as monarch as Emperor Haile Selassie, but as he had been regent from the date of her accession, this marks the centenary of his coming to state responsibility.  

 Image result for empress zewditu
Empress Zewditu of Ethiopia

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Leul Ras Tafari Makonnen as Crown Prince and Regent of the Ethiopian Empire.


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Lij Iyasu Mikael, the deposed Emperor-Designate who had never been crowned as Iyasu V,


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The Lion of Judah hath prevailed.

Ethiopia stretches her hands unto God (Quote from Psalm 68 which served as the Imperial Motto of the Ethiopian Empire)

"God and history shall remember your judgment." (Quote from Emperor Haile Selassie I's speech to the League of Nations to plead for assistance against the Italian Invasion, 1936.)
DavidV

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Reply with quote  #918 

October 1:
331 BC: Battle of Gaugamela. Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Achaemenid Persia, establishing Macedonia as the undisputed superpower of the known world.

1553: Coronation of Mary I of England

1918: Lawrence of Arabia with Arab troops captures Damascus.

1960: Independence of Nigeria.

DavidV

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Reply with quote  #919 
October 3:
52 BC - Battle of Alesia, France. Vercingetorix, Celtic ruler of Gaul, surrenders to Julius Caesar as the Roman Republic completes its conquest of Gaul, now France.
 
42 BC - First Battle of Filippi, Greece. Octavian (Augustus) and Mark Antony of the Triumvirate of the Roman Republic fight against the Liberatores led by Brutus, who were responsible for the death of Julius Caesar. The resulting victory consolidates the Triumvirate's hold on the Roman Republic, paving the way for its transformation into the Roman Empire.
 
382 AD - Roman Emperor Theodosius I concludes a peace treaty with the Goths, who become allies (foederati) of the Roman Empire. Theodosius I was the last ruler of a unified empire, after which the Western Roman Empire declines.
 
1283 - Dafydd ap Gruffydd, last native ruler of Gwynedd, Wales, is hung, drawn and quartered. Remarkably, the native royal lineages survives today as the Anwyl of Tywyn.
 
1574 - Dutch rebels and their English allies lift the Siege of Leiden. The Netherlands declares independence seven years later, an act not recognised by Spain until 1648.
 
1918 - Boris III becomes King of Bulgaria.
 
1929 - Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes becomes Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
Peter

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Reply with quote  #920 
A couple of minor pedantic points on the above, both concerned with nomenclature. The Emperor Augustus had a variety of official names throughout life, but 'Octavian' which he is most commonly called when referring to the period before he was awarded the richly-merited honorific 'Augustus' was not among them. His name at birth and until his posthumous adoption by his great-uncle was Gaius Octavius, and 'Octavius' is how he was known by contemporaries.

On adoption he should according to Roman naming conventions have been called in full Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, 'Octavian' being an Anglicisation of the last element. However, and perhaps because of the comparatively humble origin of his gens, he didn't actually use Octavianus, instead becoming simply Gaius Julius Caesar. Contemporaries either called him 'Caesar' or continued using 'Octavius'. Much, much later historians for some reason started using 'Octavian', and it cannot be called an error to do so now, having become accepted practice. I don't feel it ever ought to have done, though, and never refer to him that way myself.

The other point is on the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. I only recently noticed this usage, having always previously seen it referred to as the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. I wondered whether there was some significance to the omitted article, an acknowledgement perhaps of the many members of the three nationalities not actually resident in or subject to the kingdom. No, it turned out. It is a well-known fact that Russian has no articles. Less well-known is that with few exceptions this is a general feature of Slavic tongues, or rather lack of feature. Serbo-Croat is not among the exceptions, so the version with article omitted is merely a literal translation. Literal but misleading, and including the article gives a better sense of the kingdom's name
DavidV

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Reply with quote  #921 
October 4:
23 AD: Chang'an, the imperial capital of China, is captured by rebels who overthrow the usurper (actually a royal in-law) Wang Ming.
 
1363: End of the Battle at Lake Poyang gives victory to Zhu Yuanzhang, who goes on to establish the Ming Dynasty.

1966: The Kingdom of Lesotho becomes independent.
DavidV

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Reply with quote  #922 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hastings

950 years ago today. For many the modern English and ultimately British nation as we know it can be traced to this. The very language we speak can be traced to this. And a lot of other things.

Queenslander

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Reply with quote  #923 
I have heard some remark that it quite simply was THE moment in history, given what has followed.
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DavidV

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Reply with quote  #924 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sekigahara

The Battle of Sekigahara on this day, October 21 1600. It effectively established the Edo or Tokugawa Shogunate which ruled Japan for a two and a half centuries, but the simmering resentments among some feudal lords would underpin the Meiji Restoration and influence politics in Japan to this day.

Also on this day... the Battle of Trafalgar.

DavidV

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Reply with quote  #925 
October 24:
1641: Sir Felim O'Neill issues the Proclamation of Dungannon, initiating the Irish Rebellion while continuing loyalty to Charles I. Irish Catholics were not alone in opposing what ultimately became the dictatorship of Oliver Cromwell. The Irish Confederate Wars and the atrocities committed by Cromwell left a lasting legacy of bitterness on the island. In truth, 1540 to 1690 saw the unfortunate erosion of Catholic power in Ireland which laid the platform for future problems.
 
1648: Peace of Westphalia is signed, ending the Thirty Years' War. This ostensibly religious conflict was far more complicated, for it frequently meant that Catholic France allied with Protestant states, and Protestant Denmark allied with Catholic states. The significance of Westphalia is the definition of international relations known as Westphalian Sovereignty; the Holy Roman Empire from that date is increasingly viewed by some as a nominal entity where German princely states and free cities (the latter subject only to the Emperor in the manner of a Commonwealth dominion) essentially independent.
 
1795: the Partition of Poland is complete with Russia and Prussia completing their land grabs. In retrospect the balance of power that the Commonwealth provided was upset by Russian and Prussian land grabs there and elsewhere; while Austria also took a slice of Poland, their treatment of Poles was considerably better.
 
1912: two battles on the same day in the First Balkan War. Bulgaria defeats the Ottoman Empire in the Battle of Kirk Kilisse, whereas Serbia defeats the Ottoman Empire in the Battle of Kumanovo.
Ethiomonarchist

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Reply with quote  #926 
On this day in 1930, at the Cathedral of St. George in Addis Ababa, the Coptic Archbishop of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, Abune Kerrilos (Cyril) crowned and annointed Emperor Haile Selassie I as King of Kings of Ethiopia, as well as Empress Menen as his consort.

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Emperor Haile Selassie and Empress Menen in their coronation regalia with their two elder sons, Crown Prince Asfaw Wossen, and Prince Makonnen the Duke of Harrar.

On this date in 1955, Emperor Haile Selassie and Empress Menen celebrated their Silver Jubilee during which the Emperor granted a new revised constitution to the Ethiopian Empire.

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Emperor Haile Selassie and Empress Menen attending Holy Liturgy to celebrate their Silver Jubilee, November 2nd, 1955.



__________________
The Lion of Judah hath prevailed.

Ethiopia stretches her hands unto God (Quote from Psalm 68 which served as the Imperial Motto of the Ethiopian Empire)

"God and history shall remember your judgment." (Quote from Emperor Haile Selassie I's speech to the League of Nations to plead for assistance against the Italian Invasion, 1936.)
DavidV

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Reply with quote  #927 
http://www.zum.de/psm/div/polen/mowat15.php3

100 years ago today, Austria and Germany proclaimed the reestablishment of a Kingdom of Poland on territory that had been ruled by Russia. It was clear that Austrian intentions differed from German intentions quite a bit.

The British people rejected the EU because Britain has always stood on her own as a great power and has been wary of any expansionist project in Europe, whether it was the French Revolution and Napoleon, Communism, Nazism and the rest. Today the EU, Russia and Turkey are all behaving in various ways reminiscent of the past, and this is unacceptable to anyone with a sense of decency. It will also not help the cause of wanting to defend monarchies or restore those that fell as a result of those wars.

Elizabelo_II

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Reply with quote  #928 
Bit of a belated note, on this day (well, yesterday) it has been 100 years since the death of Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary, which was pretty much the death knell for the Austro-Hungarian monarchy.
Ethiomonarchist

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Reply with quote  #929 
Let me add to the previous post that yesterday was also the date of the accession of the final Habsburg-Lorraine monarch, Emperor Charles I of Austria and Apostolic King Charles IV of Hungary.

Image result for Charles I of Austria

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The Lion of Judah hath prevailed.

Ethiopia stretches her hands unto God (Quote from Psalm 68 which served as the Imperial Motto of the Ethiopian Empire)

"God and history shall remember your judgment." (Quote from Emperor Haile Selassie I's speech to the League of Nations to plead for assistance against the Italian Invasion, 1936.)
Elizabelo_II

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Reply with quote  #930 
Quote:
Originally Posted by Ethiomonarchist
Let me add to the previous post that yesterday was also the date of the accession of the final Habsburg-Lorraine monarch, Emperor Charles I of Austria and Apostolic King Charles IV of Hungary.

Image result for Charles I of Austria


Aren't you forgetting something ? >: P
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