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Reply with quote  #1 
The Frisian language is spoken today in pockets in the Netherlands and Germany. In East Frisia, a system of chieftaincy developed around the 13-14th centuries. At least two lines of them were able to survive to become part of German nobility. First is the House of Cirksena, with status of count and later prince of East Frisia, the line surviving to 1744 after which it passed to Prussia. The other is the House of Innhausen and Knyphausen, one line elevated to princely rank in 1900, and the bloodline continues today. This is a fascinating note of German royal and noble history, just as the House of Mecklenburg traces its descent to Niklot.

Another interesting group of nobility is the Curonian Kings. Desceended from old Curonian nobility, they maintained some privileges and married among themselves, preserving a distinct identity amongst the Latvian nation. Though this dissipated in the 20th century, the families of this group more or less survive.


Posts: 7,534
Reply with quote  #2 
Ulrich I Cirksena was the first Count of East Frisia, so created by the Emperor Frederick III in 1464. A line can readily be traced from him to most modern royalty:

Ulrich I, Count of Ostfriesland
Edzard I, Count of Ostfriesland
Enno II, Count of Ostfriesland
Edzard II, Count of Ostfriesland
Enno III, Count of Ostfriesland
Countess Anna Maria of Ostfriesland m Adolf Friedrich I, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Duchess Anna Marie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin m Duke August of Saxe-Weissenfels
Duchess Magdalena Sibylla of Saxe-Weissenfels m Friedrich I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Friedrich II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Duchess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg m Frederick Lewis, Prince of Wales

The present monarchs of Denmark, Sweden, Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Spain and of course Great Britain are all descended from this union. The Princes of Monaco and Liechtenstein are not but may descend from the Counts of East Frisia in other ways, which I might look into at some point.


Posts: 7,534
Reply with quote  #3 
I did take a look. While Prince Hans-Adam II is a descendant, and actually in a very direct way, I am fairly sure that Prince Albert II is not. Still, 9 out of 10 isn't bad. Going in the other direction this time:

Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein
Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein
Prince Aloys of Liechtenstein
Prince Franz de Paula of Liechtenstein
Johann J Joseph, Prince of Liechtenstein
Franz Joseph I, Prince of Liechtenstein
Prince Emanuel of Liechtenstein
Prince Philipp Erasmus of Liechtenstein
Hartmann III, Prince of Liechtenstein
Gundakar, Prince of Liechtenstein m Countess Agnes of Ostfriesland
Enno III, Count of Ostfriesland
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