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jovan66102

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Reply with quote  #946 
18 June
1633 – Charles I is crowned King of Scots at St Giles' Cathedral, Edinburgh

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'Monarchy can easily be ‘debunked;' but watch the faces, mark the accents of the debunkers. These are the men whose tap-root in Eden has been cut: whom no rumour of the polyphony, the dance, can reach - men to whom pebbles laid in a row are more beautiful than an arch. Yet even if they desire equality, they cannot reach it. Where men are forbidden to honour a king they honour millionaires, athletes or film-stars instead: even famous prostitutes or gangsters. For spiritual nature, like bodily nature, will be served; deny it food and it will gobble poison.' C.S. Lewis God save Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom, Canada and Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith, etc.! Vive le Très haut, très puissant et très excellent Prince, Louis XX, Par la grâce de Dieu, Roi de France et de Navarre, Roi Très-chrétien!
DavidV

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Reply with quote  #947 

June 21 1582. The death of Oba Nobunaga was followed by the ascent of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who over the next eight years managed to achieve the submission of all powerful clans - Shimazu, Mori, Chosokabe and Hojo - to unify Japan under his rule. They say that Oda would kill the bird if it didn't sing, Toyotomi would persuade it to sing, and Tokugawa would wait for it to sing.

 

 
Queenslander

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Reply with quote  #948 
Their names do 'live on' in the Japan of today, largely as character blueprints, and a source of character names, in the mass media (largely Animation and Manga and live action dramas).
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DavidV

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Reply with quote  #949 

June 26 1460 was the day Richard Neville, the Earl of Warwick and Prince Edward, Earl of March (later Edward IV) landed in Kent from their sanctuary in France. Richard, Duke of York, was in Ireland where he was Lord Lieutenant and where Parliament issued a proclamation in Drogheda affirming its de facto independence. The Irish were overwhelmingly pro-Yorkist, which may have explained the comparative peace on the island during the Wars of the Roses. Effective control of Ireland and the English Channel was to be to the Yorkists' advantage.

Richard III became King of England 23 years later.

Peter

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Reply with quote  #950 
Today is the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Royal House of Windsor. There was of course no change of monarch, still less of dynasty, merely the adoption of a new name, but the date remains significant in the lengthy annals of British monarchy. Little criticised at the time due to the strength of anti-German feeling, the renaming, and particularly the accompanying disclaimer of all German styles and titles, has sometimes been seen since as ignoble and a denial of roots. I have some sympathy with the latter half of both propositions, but really George V had to do something, with the unfortunately-named Gotha heavy bombers raining munitions down on London, and the chosen designation was entirely appropriate and in any case is now immovably established.

The immovability reportedly caused some irritation to the Duke of Edinburgh, resulting in a compromise whereby agnatic descendants of the Queen and Duke of Edinburgh lacking royal status (those with it requiring no surname anyway) would bear the family name Mountbatten-Windsor. Apparently this name has been used now and then for convenience when signing documents, including by the Duke of Cambridge in the marriage register for example, but nevertheless the one person to date who ought by the wording of the second linked proclamation to be known by it never is, the Earl of Wessex's daughter always being called Lady Louise Windsor.

If it is true that the Duke of Edinburgh was annoyed in this way, I have to say it seems rather silly. He had adopted his own mother's surname, just a few months before marriage, and then objected to the children of the marriage being known by their mother's surname? In any case there at countless precedents for a man marrying a heiress adopting her surname rather than she taking his, and what greater heiress could there be? As for what the relevant Wikipedia article has to say on the subject, words fail me regarding the supposed constitutional expert Edward Iwi. Constitutional idiot is more like it. Still, hyphenated and otherwise compound surnames are common enough in such circumstances, and the revised name was not in itself unreasonable, even if the reported arguments for it were.

Another change since, the adoption of equal primogeniture, makes it more likely that at some point in the future there will be another change of agnatic line. I doubt very much however that the name of Britain's royal house will ever change again. Like Orange-Nassau in the Netherlands and (by declared intention) Bernadotte in Sweden the name will pass with the Throne, regardless of the sex of the latter's occupant. In that sense the House of Windsor could reign forever. I hope very much that it does.
DavidV

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Reply with quote  #951 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_Han

This week 1100 years ago, the Southern Han empire came into being. The significance of this and the whole Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period can't be underestimated. It was the third time China was fragmented, and divided between north and south. However, such fragmentation did not inhibit economic and cultural richness - indeed, quite the opposite.

The Southern Han had present-day Guangzhou as its capital and encompassed today's Guangdong province, Hong Kong and Macau. Thus it was a foundation of Cantonese identity. It was the second longest-lasting of the southern states of this period (917-971) after Wuyue (907-978).

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