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Peter

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Reply with quote  #1 

This will be the only one of the planned threads to contain genuinely new charts, as opposed to revised and corrected version of charts that appeared before. My original intention was simply to revise the existing ‘current sovereigns’ chart for the accession of King Willem-Alexander; however, this plan was overtaken by events. The announcement of the forthcoming abdication of King Albert II meant that my chart would be outdated a few days after posting. Further, while it would be easy enough to revise the chart again for the accession of King Philippe I had no narrative peg to hang this on as I did with the new Netherlands monarch (I’ll get to this at the proper point in the thread).

Thinking what to do, I came up with an idea, which I quickly realised would not be as laborious to do as it sounds, provided I took a sensible approach and worked backwards; a chart for the accession of each of what on July 21st would become the current ten sovereigns. This would be enough of a narrative in itself, showing changes in royal relationships over the course of six decades, from the accession of Elizabeth II to the installation of Philippe. Not the complete picture, as there would be no chart for sovereigns not current who acceded after Elizabeth II, but a substantial portion of it, and those sovereigns would inevitably all be covered at some point or other.

So I set to. What follows will I hope be ten charts, I haven’t trialled them all but what appeared to be the largest could be posted in one piece. It was though only just within forum size limits, and I may end up having to split one or more of these charts. I definitely won’t be able to post the keys with the charts, they will follow each chart in the next post. To break up what would seem an endless run of charts and keys I will place a brief (in some cases not quite so brief) narrative before each.

In lieu of the note on posterities I intend for other threads, the charts will be followed by one showing the relationships of the heirs of the current sovereigns. After this and its key there will be a table of statistics for all the charts together (not itself together, as it was well past the limit and had to be split into four). A trend that will be noticed more and more as the charts progress, and can be seen in overview in the final tables, is royal relationships becoming more and more static. They change in degree, but it is a case of more distant relationships through the same set of ancestors, rather than the ever-changing web of kinship seen in earlier charts.

The cause of this is of course the abandonment, now near-universal, of the custom of equal marriage. I don’t exactly condemn this, it is the business of those involved and not mine, but cannot help feeling a certain ruefulness at the thought that genealogical pursuits like mine will soon enough be obsolete. Royal families will be indistinguishable from the general population in their ancestries, and in a hundred years’ time a chart of relationships between them would probably look much like the final chart in this thread, just with all relationships a few degrees more remote. Anyway, for now there is still interest to be found in the different dynastic connections across Europe, so on with the charts, beginning with the accession of the current doyenne, Elizabeth II.

For a guide to how to read the charts, click here.

Peter

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Relationships of the European sovereigns at the accession of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain, 6th February 1952
Reigning monarchH  VIICharlotteFJ IIPaul IF IXJulianaRainier IIIG VI ABaudouinE II
Haakon VII of Norway2c1r WHC3c1r MIB1c1r CIXDU F8D3c FW3P
3c WIN
5c1r LIXHD2c OISNGU F8D1c2r CIXD
Charlotte of Luxembourg2c1r WHC1c1r MIP3c WHC3c WHC2c1r WDN5c1r LIXHD2c WDN1c2r MIP3c1r WHC
Franz Joseph II of Liechtenstein3c1r MIB1c1r MIP5c LIXHD3c2r MIB5c LIXHD4c1r KLB3c1r MIB2c1r MIP7c JWFO
Paul I of Greece1c1r CIXD3c WHC5c LIXHD2c CIXD3c FW3P5c1r LIXHD2c WIG2c1r CIXD2c1r CIXD
2c1r VGB
Frederik IX of DenmarkN F8D3c WHC3c2r MIB2c CIXD1c1r FFIIMS4c2r KFB2c1r LIB
2c1r OISN
1c1r F8D2c1r CIXD
Juliana of the Netherlands3c FW3P
3c WIN
2c1r WDN5c LIXHD3c FW3P1c1r FFIIMS5c1r LIXHD2c1r WDN3c WDN4c1r FIIW
Rainier III of Monaco5c1r LIXHD5c1r LIXHD4c1r KLB5c1r LIXHD4c2r KFB5c1r LIXHD3c3r KFB4c KBa7c1r JWFO
Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden2c OISN2c WDN3c1r MIB2c WIG2c1r LIB
2c1r OISN
2c1r WDN3c3r KFB1c1r OIISN4c1r KNW
Baudouin of BelgiumGN F8D1c2r MIP2c1r MIP2c1r CIXD1c1r F8D3c WDN4c KBa1c1r OIISN3c CIXD
Elizabeth II of Great Britain1c2r CIXD3c1r WHC7c JWFO2c1r CIXD
2c1r VGB
2c1r CIXD4c1r FIIW7c1r JWFO4c1r KNW3c CIXD
Peter

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Reply with quote  #3 
Key:  
CIXDF8DFFIIMS
Christian IX of Denmark (7)Frederik VIII of Denmark (3)Friedrich Franz II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1)
FIIWFW3PJWFO
Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg (1)Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia (2)Jan Willem Friso, Prince of Orange (2)
KBaKFBKLB
Karl, Grand Duke of Baden (1)Karl Friedrich, Grand Duke of Baden (2)Karl Ludwig, Hereditary Prince of Baden (1)
KNWLIBLIXHD
Karl Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (1)Leopold I, Grand Duke of Baden (1)Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (6)
MIBMIPOIISN
Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria  (3)Miguel I of Portugal (3)Oscar II of Sweden and Norway (1)
OISNVGBWDN
Oscar I of Sweden and Norway (2)Victoria of Great Britain and Ireland (1)Wilhelm, Duke of Nassau (4)
WHCWIGWIN
Landgrave Wilhelm of Hesse-Cassel (4)Wilhelm I of Germany (1)Willem I of the Netherlands (1)
Most connections formed:CIXD (7)LIXHD (6)WDN, WHC (4)F8D, MIB, MIP (3)FW3P, JWFO, KFB, OISN (2)Others (1)
Peter

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Reply with quote  #4 

Though charts will mostly come thick and fast from here on, it is twenty years before we take up the narrative again. There had been plenty of change in those years, with new sovereigns in Norway, Greece and Luxembourg following the deaths of Haakon VII and Paul I and the abdication of Grand Duchess Charlotte. However Olav V of Norway has himself since died, Constantine II of Greece been deposed and Grand Duke Jean abdicated in his turn, so they not being current monarchs there are no charts for their accessions. They do all appear here and their relationships can be seen as at the accession of the second most senior current monarch, Margrethe II of Denmark.

It will be seen that with the exceptions of Elizabeth II and Rainier III all these sovereigns have two royal parents, as indeed was the case in 1952. Among the current generation of heirs there are only two that can claim as much, and in the next generation only one. Though changes in overall relationships are perhaps surprisingly small for such a long period between the charts, just one ancestor dropping out and two joining, shifts can be seen in other ways, with fewer connections being formed by some ancestors and correspondingly more by others. As noted previously, by the time this series reaches its end changes of these kinds will become minimal, though the descents the Prince of Wales has from his father and the Prince of Asturias from his mother do provide one final flourish.

Peter

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Reply with quote  #5 
Relationships of the European sovereigns at the accession of Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, 14th January 1972
Reigning monarchFJ IIJulianaRainier IIIG VI ABaudouinElizabeth  IIOlaf VC IIJeanMargrethe II
Franz Joseph II of Liechtenstein5c LIXHD4c1r KLB3c1r MIB2c1r MIP7c JWFO3c2r MIB4c1r KLHL2c MIP3c3r MIB
Juliana of the Netherlands5c LIXHD5c1r LIXHD2c1r WDN3c WDN4c1r FIIW3c1r FW3P
3c1r WIN
3c1r FW3P3c WDN1c2r FFIIMS
Rainier III of Monaco4c1r KLB5c1r LIXHD3c3r KFB4c KBa7c1r JWFO6c LIXHD6c LIXHD6c LIXHD5c1r KFB
5c1r KLB
Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden3c1r MIB2c1r WDN3c3r KFB1c1r OIISN4c1r KNW2c1r OISN2c1r WIG2c1r WDNGF
Baudouin of Belgium2c1r MIP3c WDN4c KBa1c1r OIISN3c CIXD1c1r F8D3c CIXD2c1r MIP2c F8D
Elizabeth II of Great Britain7c JWFO4c1r FIIW7c1r JWFO4c1r KNW3c CIXD1c1r E7GB3c CIXD
3c VGB
4c WHC3c CIXD
3c VGB
Olaf V of Norway3c2r MIB3c1r FW3P
3c1r WIN
6c LIXHD2c1r OISN1c1r F8D1c1r E7GB2c1r CIXD
2c1r VGB
3c1r WHC1c1r F8D
Constantine II of Greece4c1r KLHL3c1r FW3P6c LIXHD2c1r WIG3c CIXD3c CIXD
3c VGB
2c1r CIXD
2c1r VGB
4c WHC3c CIXD
3c VGB
Jean of Luxembourg2c MIP3c WDN6c LIXHD2c1r WDN2c1r MIP4c WHC3c1r WHC4c WHC3c1r WDN
Margrethe II of Denmark3c3r MIB1c2r FFIIMS5c1r KFB
5c1r KLB
GD2c F8D3c CIXD
3c VGB
1c1r F8D3c CIXD
3c VGB
3c1r WDN
Peter

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Reply with quote  #6 
Key:  
CIXDE7GBF8D
Christian IX of Denmark (6)Edward VII of Great Britain (1)Frederik VIII of Denmark (3)
FFIIMSFIIWFW3P
Friedrich Franz II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1)Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg (1)Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia (2)
JWFOKBaKFB
Jan Willem Friso, Prince of Orange (2)Karl, Grand Duke of Baden (1)Karl Friedrich, Grand Duke of Baden (2)
KLBKLHLKNW
Karl Ludwig, Hereditary Prince of Baden (2)K Ludwig, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (1)K Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (1)
LIXHDMIBMIP
Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (5)Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria (3)Miguel I of Portugal (3)
OIISNOISNVGB
Oscar II of Sweden and Norway (1)Oscar I of Sweden and Norway (1)Victoria of Great Britain and Ireland (4)
WDNWHCWIG
Wilhelm, Duke of Nassau (5)Landgrave Wilhelm of Hesse-Cassel (3)Wilhelm I of Germany (1)
WIN  
Willem I of the Netherlands (1)  
Most connections formed:CIXD (6)LIXHD, WDN (5)VGB (4)F8D, MIB, MIP, WHC (3)FW3P, JWFO, KFB. KLB (2)Others (1)
Peter

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Reply with quote  #7 

A year and a half later another Scandinavian throne changed hands, with the death of the admirable Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden and the accession of his grandson, Carl XVI Gustaf. The accession the previous year of his first cousin Margrethe II had brought the number of sovereigns descended from Queen Victoria to four, and Sweden’s new king made it five (in 1952 it was two). He did not however add to the number of Christian IX descendants on thrones, being descended from that king’s elder brother but not he himself. With already five descendants among these sovereigns, though, it can be seen why in his day Christian IX was known as ‘the father-in-law of Europe’.

A descendant of both, twice each in fact, was Constantine II of Greece. The Wikipedia article linked at the top of the chart shows his reign as ending on 1st June 1973. I beg to differ: this is the date the military junta then ruling Greece declared the monarchy’s abolition by fiat, later ‘confirmed’ by a dubiously honest referendum. Following the restoration of democratic government all the acts of the junta were declared illegal and void. No monarchical restoration followed, however, as a less questionable referendum held on 8th December 1974 decided otherwise. I would say that was the date Constantine II’s reign ended, so he is included herein.

I would love to think that at some time in the future that will become the date his first reign ended. It doesn’t seem likely that he will be restored, but in a country as volatile as Greece has been you should never say never. Whether it is Greece or another country, nothing would give me more pleasure than to repeat the exercise coming up after this one, a chart for the restoration of a European monarchy. Though if it’s Albania the relationships would be extremely remote, they do exist and I would do it. The only exception is Montenegro, not that I have anything against that country or its royal house. It’s just that Prince Nikola of Montenegro has no traceable relationship with any current sovereign.

Peter

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Reply with quote  #8 
Relationships of the European sovereigns at the accession of King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, 15th September 1973
Reigning monarchFJ IIJulianaRainier IIIBaudouinE IIOlaf VC IIJeanM IIC XVI G
F Joseph II of Liechtenstein5c LIXHD4c1r KLB2c1r MIP7c JWFO3c2r MIB4c1r KLHL2c MIP3c3r MIB3c3r MIB
Juliana of the Netherlands5c LIXHD5c1r LIXHD3c WDN4c1r FIIW3c1r FW3P
3c1r WIN
3c1r FW3P3c WDN1c2r FFIIMS2c1r GVWP
Rainier III of Monaco4c1r KLB5c1r LIXHD4c KBa7c1r JWFO6c LIXHD6c LIXHD6c LIXHD5c1r KFB
5c1r KLB
5c1r KFB
5c1r KLB
Baudouin of Belgium2c1r MIP3c WDN4c KBa3c CIXD1c1r F8D3c CIXD2c1r MIP2c F8D2c1r OIISN
Elizabeth II of Great Britain7c JWFO4c1r FIIW7c1r JWFO3c CIXD1c1r E7GB3c CIXD
3c VGB
4c WHC3c CIXD
3c VGB
3c VGB
Olaf V of Norway3c2r MIB3c1r FW3P
3c1r WIN
6c LIXHD1c1r F8D1c1r E7GB2c1r CIXD
2c1r VGB
3c1r WHC1c1r F8D2c1r VGB
Constantine II of Greece4c1r KLHL3c1r FW3P6c LIXHD3c CIXD3c CIXD
3c VGB
2c1r CIXD
2c1r VGB
4c WHC3c CIXD
3c VGB
3c F8SH
3c VGB
Jean of Luxembourg2c MIP3c WDN6c LIXHD2c1r MIP4c WHC3c1r WHC4c WHC3c1r WDN3c1r WDN
Margrethe II of Denmark3c3r MIB1c2r FFIIMS5c1r KFB
5c1r KLB
2c F8D3c CIXD
3c VGB
1c1r F8D3c CIXD
3c VGB
3c1r WDN1c GVIS
Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden3c3r MIB2c1r GVWP5c1r KFB
5c1r KLB
2c1r OIISN3c VGB2c1r VGB3c F8SH
3c VGB
3c1r WDN1c GVIS
Peter

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Reply with quote  #9 
Key:  
CIXDE7GBF8D
Christian IX of Denmark (6)Edward VII of Great Britain (1)Frederik VIII of Denmark (3)
F8SHFFIIMSFIIW
Friedrich VIII, Duke of S-Holstein (1)F Franz II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1)Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg (1)
FW3PGVISGVWP
Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia (2)Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden (1)Georg Viktor, Prince of Waldeck & Pyrmont (1)
JWFOKBaKFB
Jan Willem Friso, Prince of Orange (2)Karl, Grand Duke of Baden (1)Karl Friedrich, Grand Duke of Baden (2)
KLBKLHLLIXHD
Karl Ludwig, Hereditary Prince of Baden (3)Karl Ludwig, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (1)Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (5)
MIBMIPOIISN
Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria (3)Miguel I of Portugal (3)Oscar II of Sweden and Norway (1)
VGBWDNWHC
Victoria of Great Britain and Ireland (7)Wilhelm, Duke of Nassau (4)Landgrave Wilhelm of Hesse-Cassel (3)
WIN  
Willem I of the Netherlands (1)  
Most connections formed:VGB (7)CIXD (6)LIXHD (5)WDN (4)F8D, KLB, MIB, MIP, WHC (3)FW3P, JWFO. KFB (2)Others (1)
Peter

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Reply with quote  #10 

As discussed previously, Constantine II of Greece disappears from this next chart, along with Greece itself. The number of sovereigns however happily remains at ten, with Spain’s ancient monarchy restored following the death of the dictator Franco. It was by Franco’s decision that Juan Carlos I ascended the throne, the anointed heir of the dictator rather than of the legitimate sovereigns of Spain and the Spanish kingdoms, a line stretching back a thousand years and more. However, as everyone knows Juan Carlos had carefully concealed his democratic and liberal inclinations, which soon saw popular government restored to Spain. Some condemn him for duplicity, but few of those are Spanish; if the King can be said in any way to have behaved dishonourably, it should be regarded as a sacrifice of honour for the sake of his people.

He was in any case, as the democratic constitution overwhelmingly confirmed by plebiscite states, ‘the heir of the ancient monarchy’ (his father initially begged to differ, but eventually accepted the inevitable and renounced his rights), needed no dictator’s fiat to make him rightful sovereign of Spain, and was consequently in no way obliged to follow the dictator’s wishes and act as his heir. As first the architect and then the guardian of Spanish liberty, King Juan Carlos will surely be mourned by all Spaniards when the day comes for the Prince of Asturias to succeed, despite the royal family’s present and hopefully temporary unpopularity.

Peter

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Reply with quote  #11 
Relationships of the European sovereigns at the restoration of the Spanish Crown, 22nd November 1975
Reigning monarchFJ IIJulianaRainier IIIBaudouinElizabeth IIOlaf VJeanM IIC XVI GJC I
F Joseph II of Liechtenstein5c LIXHD4c1r KLB2c1r MIP7c JWFO3c2r MIB2c MIP3c3r MIB3c3r MIB4c1r CIVS
4c1r FI2S
4c1r KLB
4c1r LIIE
Juliana of the Netherlands5c LIXHD5c1r LIXHD3c WDN4c1r FIIW3c1r FW3P
3c1r WIN
3c WDN1c2r FFIIMS2c1r GVWP3c1r FLMS
Rainier III of Monaco4c1r KLB5c1r LIXHD4c KBa7c1r JWFO6c LIXHD6c LIXHD5c1r KFB
5c1r KLB
5c1r KFB
5c1r KLB
5c KLB
Baudouin of Belgium2c1r MIP3c WDN4c KBa3c CIXD1c1r F8D2c1r MIP2c F8D2c1r OIISN4c LPIF
Elizabeth II of Great Britain7c JWFO4c1r FIIW7c1r JWFO3c CIXD1c1r E7GB4c WHC3c CIXD
3c VGB
3c VGB3c VGB
Olaf V of Norway3c2r MIB3c1r FW3P
3c1r WIN
6c LIXHD1c1r F8D1c1r E7GB3c1r WHC1c1r F8D2c1r VGB2c1r VGB
Jean of Luxembourg2c MIP3c WDN6c LIXHD2c1r MIP4c WHC3c1r WHC3c1r WDN3c1r WDN4c FrI2S
Margrethe II of Denmark3c3r MIB1c2r FFIIMS5c1r KFB
5c1r KLB
2c F8D3c CIXD
3c VGB
1c1r F8D3c1r WDN1c GVIS3c VGB
Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden3c3r MIB2c1r GVWP5c1r KFB
5c1r KLB
2c1r OIISN3c VGB2c1r VGB3c1r WDN1c GVIS3c VGB
Juan Carlos I of Spain4c1r CIVS
4c1r FI2S
4c1r KLB
4c1r LIIE
3c1r FLMS5c KLB4c LPIF3c VGB2c1r VGB4c FrI2S3c VGB3c VGB
Peter

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Reply with quote  #12 
Key:  
CIVSCIXDE7GB
Carlos IV of Spain (1)Christian IX of Denmark (2)Edward VII of Great Britain (1)
F8DFFIIMSFI2S
Frederik VIII of Denmark (3)F Franz II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1)Ferdinando I of the Two Sicilies (1)
FIIWFLMSFrI2S
F II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg (1)Friedrich Ludwig, HGD of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1)Francesco I of the Two Sicilies (1)
FW3PGVISGVWP
Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia (1)Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden (1)Georg Viktor, Prince of Waldeck & Pyrmont (1)
JWFOKBaKFB
Jan Willem Friso, Prince of Orange (2)Karl, Grand Duke of Baden (1)Karl Friedrich, Grand Duke of Baden (2)
KLBLIIELIXHD
Kl Ludwig, Hereditary Prince of Baden (5)Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (1)Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (4)
LPIFMIBMIP
Louis-Philippe I of France (1)Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria (3)Miguel I of Portugal (3)
OIISNVGBWDN
Oscar II of Sweden and Norway (1)Victoria of Great Britain and Ireland (7)Wilhelm, Duke of Nassau (4)
WHCWIN 
Landgrave Wilhelm of Hesse-Cassel (2)Willem I of the Netherlands (1) 
Most connections formed:VGB (7)KLB (5)LIXHD, WDN (4)F8D, MIB, MIP (3)CIXD, JWFO, KFB, WHC (2)Others (1)
Peter

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Reply with quote  #13 

It was fourteen years less nine days before another current European sovereign acceded, with the death after a 51-year reign of Franz Joseph II of Liechtenstein and the succession of his son Hans-Adam II. This caused little shift in relationships; although the late Prince’s own mother had been as royal as can be, an archduchess of Austria and the granddaughter of a king of Portugal, in general the Liechtenstein family have tended to marry from among the Central European nobility whence they sprang, rather than from royal or mediatised houses, and Prince Franz Joseph was no exception.

Not no shift, as in the meantime the Netherlands throne had changed hands, with the abdication on 30 April 1980 of Queen Juliana and the accession of her daughter Queen Beatrix, now Princess Beatrix following her own abdication on the same date this year. Although to some it is debatable whether her father Prince Bernhard could truly be considered royal, I have no qualms on the issue. For a fact, though, royal blood was rather scanty in his ancestry, as I know all too well from my labours over his paternal uncle Leopold IV of Lippe for the 1914 charts. But as it happened Beatrix through him enjoyed a slightly closer relationship with Hans-Adam II, and indeed his late father, than Juliana had done, and this does introduce a whole one new ancestor to the charts, which otherwise see little change from last time.

Peter

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Relationships of the European sovereigns at the accession of Prince Hans-Adam II of Liechtenstein, 13th November 1989
Reigning monarchRainier IIIBaudouinE IIOlaf VJeanM IIC XVI GJC IBeatrixH-A II
Rainier III of Monaco4c KBa7c1r JWFO6c LIXHD6c LIXHD5c1r KFB
5c1r KLB
5c1r KFB
5c1r KLB
5c KLB6c LIXHD5c KLB
Baudouin of Belgium4c KBa3c CIXD1c1r F8D2c1r MIP2c F8D2c1r OIISN4c LPIF3c1r WDN3c MIP
Elizabeth II of Great Britain7c1r JWFO3c CIXD1c1r E7GB4c WHC3c CIXD
3c VGB
3c VGB3c VGB5c FIIW7c1r JWFO
Olaf V of Norway6c LIXHD1c1r F8D1c1r E7GB3c1r WHC1c1r F8D2c1r VGB2c1r VGB4c FW3P
4c WIN
4c1r MIB
Jean of Luxembourg6c LIXHD2c1r MIP4c WHC3c1r WHC3c1r WDN3c1r WDN4c FrI2S3c1r WDN2c1r MIP
Margrethe II of Denmark5c1r KFB
5c1r KLB
2c F8D3c CIXD
3c VGB
1c1r F8D3c1r WDN1c GVIS3c VGB2c1r FFIIMS4c2r MIB
Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden5c1r KFB
5c1r KLB
2c1r OIISN3c VGB2c1r VGB3c1r WDN1c GVIS3c VGB3c GVWP4c2r MIB
Juan Carlos I of Spain5c KLB4c LPIF3c VGB2c1r VGB4c FrI2S3c VGB3c VGB4c FLMS5c CIVS
5c FI2S
5c KLB
5c LIIE
Beatrix of the Netherlands6c LIXHD3c1r WDN5c FIIW4c FW3P
4c WIN
3c1r WDN2c1r FFIIMS3c GVWP4c FLMS5c KLHL
Hans-Adam II of Liechtenstein5c KLB3c MIP7c1r JWFO4c1r MIB2c1r MIP4c2r MIB4c2r MIB5c CIVS
5c FI2S
5c KLB
5c LIIE
5c KLHL
Peter

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Reply with quote  #15 
Key:  
CIVSCIXDE7GB
Carlos IV of Spain (1)Christian IX of Denmark (2)Edward VII of Great Britain (1)
F8DFFIIMSFI2S
Frederik VIII of Denmark (3)F Franz II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1)Ferdinando I of the Two Sicilies (1)
FIIWFLMSFrI2S
Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg (1)Friedrich Ludwig, HGD of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1)Francesco I of the Two Sicilies (1)
FW3PGVISGVWP
Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia (1)Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden (1)Georg Viktor, Prince of Waldeck & Pyrmont (1)
JWFOKBaKFB
Jan Willem Friso, Prince of Orange (2)Karl, Grand Duke of Baden (1)Karl Friedrich, Grand Duke of Baden (2)
KLBKLHLLIIE
Karl Ludwig, Hereditary Prince of Baden (5)Karl Ludwig, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (1)Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (1)
LIXHDLPIFMIB
Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (3)Louis-Philippe I of France (1)Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria (3)
MIPOIISNVGB
Miguel I of Portugal (3)Oscar II of Sweden and Norway (1)Victoria of Great Britain and Ireland (7)
WDNWHCWIN
Wilhelm, Duke of Nassau (4)Landgrave Wilhelm of Hesse-Cassel (2)Willem I of the Netherlands (1)
Most connections formed:VGB (7)KLB (5)WDN (4)F8D, LIXHD, MIB, MIP (3)CIXD, JWFO, KFB, WHC (2)Others (1)
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