Wallis-and-Futuna consist of three traditional monarchies:
Uvéa (in Wallis), Alo and Sigave (in Futuna), whose kings control with elected councils and the representative of the French State which manages the prefectoral capacity in partnership with the local kings who hold the capacity of the sub-prefectures in the jurisdictional plan (out of civil matter only).
The judicial penal matter power is held by the single court of first authority which is qualified for all the territory and whose seat is with the prefecture of Subdued-Utu (in Wallis). Contrary to the metropolis, the overseas departments and the other communities of overseas, the territory is not divided administratively into communes.
In Futuna, two kingdoms (with which return the judicial offices of the departmental districts and sub-prefectures, administrative of the town halls and a part of attributions of the general councils) coexist and gather villages. In Wallis, 3 usual districts (also managing the administrative offices of the town halls and gathering several villages) exist under the authority of the same king (with whom returns the presidency of the civil judicial offices).
Also, in the territorial plan, the islands are divided into three territorial districts covering exactly each three kingdom: the territorial district of Wallis (for the kingdom of Uvéa), largest and most populated of the three, territorial districts of Alo (which includes/understands also the uninhabited island of Alofi) and that of Sigave, smallest, in Futuna. Each one enjoyed the legal entity with a clean budget managed by a council of district made up of the usual chiefs and chaired by the king.
The Wallisian kingdom of Uvéa and the two kingdoms futuniens of Sigave and Alo are not hereditary but aristocratic monarchies: they are the noble families, the aliki, which elect or relieve the kings. The usual capacity important but however is decentralized enough, the local kings having to negotiate with the chiefs of village, and to answer at the requests of the alikis which elect them and whose moral authority is also pressed on the population, while negotiating with the representative of the State to obtain the budgets of development of the territory.
In Wallis, king d' Uvéa (carrying the title of lavelua) is the chief of the usual hierarchy. He is assisted of a Prime Minister (kivalu) and by 5 ministers. He still names, on proposal of the population, 3 chiefs of district (faipule) who have authority on the 21 chiefs of village recognized by the population. The chiefs of village, who can raise the drudgeries of general interest, are voted by plebiscite or relieved during general assemblies of village (fono) which take place Sunday in a common box (fale fono). In Futuna, each of two kings (Tuigaifo with Alo and Tuisigave with Sigave) also have ministers, playing the part of spokesmen in the councils, but they have an authority limited directly on the chiefs of village appointed by the princely families which can dislocate their king easily. The kings lay out to cover their expenses of an annual equipment of the Republic which compensates also the royal ministers and the usual chiefs for districts and villages.
However, the definition and the delimitation of the villages are not defined in a way as strict as the common Frenchwomen, the territory being rather delimited in an abstract way by the kingdoms (and districts with Wallis) and the common law, including for the royal or public field, and the inalienable private property pertaining makes some jointly at the villages with a right of user granted to the heads of households.
The archipelago reached the statute of overseas territory in 1961. The law of July 29, 1961 "guarantees to the populations of the territory the free exercise of their religion, as well as the respect of their beliefs and their habits as long as they are not contrary with the general principles of the right".
Since the constitutional revision of 2003, which gives up the concept of overseas territory, Wallis-and-Futuna is a community of overseas having a rather broad autonomy within the French Republic, a system political clean and original, and close to that into force in the country to overseas of New Caledonia, where French right côtoie local common law.
In the administrative plan, the archipelagoes are divided into five electoral districts, taking again the cutting of the 3 kingdoms and the three usual districts of the Wallisian kingdom of Uvéa, which elect by the vote for all 20 representatives with the territorial Parliament who then indicate among them a standing committee made up of 2 representatives of Wallis and 2 representatives of Futuna (for each one of its kingdoms). However, the territorial Parliament has a role limited as regards civil law and management of the territorial budget, her decisions requiring the approval of the higher administrator representing France. In addition, the territorial Parliament must approve the 3 members of the territorial Council named by the higher administrator (who chairs this council), the 3 other members of the council being the traditional kings (all vice-presidents of the council). In practice, this council has only one advisory role on the local management exerted especially by the chiefs of village, in the usual hierarchy, and the higher administrator.
The territory is represented with the French National Assembly by a deputy (elected by the vote for all) and with the Senate by a senator (elected indirectly by the local representatives sitting at the territorial Parliament, the territorial Council or within the usual hierarchy of the chiefs of districts and villages).
Lastly, it should be noted that primary education teaching is completely conceded by the State, within the framework of a public mission, with évêché catholic of Wallis-and-Futuna through convention where the State finances the whole of the loads related to this teaching (teachers and operation), the schools being built on the Community public domain of the villages according to the common law and control of the kings who defines the land use.