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Peter

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The second part of this three-part set is concerned with relationships between the sovereigns of the German Empire’s constituent realms, which I usually shorten to just the German Realms (I’m not sure by the way whether this is my coinage or not, but anyway I rather like the way it sounds). As explained in the introduction to the first part, since Kaiser Wilhelm II was King of Prussia as well as German Emperor he is included in this part as well as in the first, and indeed in the third.

When I began looking at doing a chart of these relationships, I quailed somewhat. There were a lot of sovereigns to consider, but I went ahead anyway, and I’m glad I did. I enjoyed doing it greatly and learned an immense amount about not just the relationships of these sovereigns but their lives, their ancestries and the realms they ruled, small, patchwork states for the most part but forming a fascinating tapestry of little linked nations within a nation. All had their roots far in the past of the Holy Roman Empire, and were inheritances from rulers with Imperial immediacy, that is owing allegiance to no one but the Emperor, who due to the importance of their dominions, the strength of their alliances, their personal qualities or a combination of the three avoided mediatisation in the convulsions of the Napoleonic years and the end of the Empire. Though I don’t plan to do this in other threads, it might be convenient at this point to show a table of all the rulers involved:

SovereignFromSovereignFrom
Wilhelm II, German Emperor and King of Prussia1888Friedrich II, Duke of Anhalt1904
Wilhelm II, King of Wūrttemberg1891Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg1908
Friedrich August III, King of Saxony1904Ernst August III, Duke of Brunswick1913
Ludwig III, King of Bavaria1913Bernhard III, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen1914
Ernst Ludwig, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine1892Gūnther Victor, Prince of Schwarzburg1890
Friedrich Franz IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin1897Friedrich, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont1893
Friedrich August II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg1900Heinrich XXIV, Prince Reuss Elder Line1902
Wilhelm Ernst, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach1901Leopold IV, Prince of Lippe1905
Friedrich II, Grand Duke of Baden1907Adolf II, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe1911
Adolf Friedrich VI, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz1914Heinrich XXVII, Prince Reuss Younger Line1913
Carl Eduard, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha1900  

As can be seen, they are arranged first by rank (king, grand duke, duke, prince) and then by accession date, and this is the plan that will be followed in the charts. My original intention was to have three of these, kings and grand dukes with each other followed by kings and grand dukes with dukes and princes, then finally dukes and princes with each other. However, forum size limits derailed this idea, and I ended up with six charts not three. The only part of the concept that survived was kings and grand dukes with each other, though to keep even that one in one piece after a change in the Genealogics software that broke all my red links, but allowed me to add considerably more of them during the course of repair, I had to resort to an expedient explained below the chart. Next comes kings and grand dukes with the dukes, then with the princes, followed by dukes with each other, dukes with princes, and finally princes with each other. So far as statistics are concerned I have though adhered to the original concept, regarding split charts as parts of a whole rather than entities in themselves, and statistical summaries appear after the key for the last chart in a set and cover all its charts, rather than being individual to each. The figures for number of connections formed shown in brackets after names in the keys do however pertain to that individual chart. 

Combined statistics, broken into three parts, follow the charts and keys. In the headings of the statistics tables, please read 'II' and 'III' as meaning 'II a-b' and 'III a-c'; to have put this in the headings would have given the column widths an incongruous appearance. A two-part note on posterities appears after the tables. And now, with altogether 21 sovereigns, 64 ancestors and 278 relationships, here goes.

For an explanation of how to read the charts, click here.

Peter

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I: Relationships of the Kings and Grand Dukes of the German Empire at 28 June 1914, the day of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Reigning monarchW II GW II WFA IIILudwig IIIE LudwigF Franz IVFA IIW ErnstF IIAF VI
Wilhelm II of Germany3c KIIMS3c FSC3c KIIMS1c VGB2c1r FW3P3c KIIMS2c KFSW1c WIG3c G3GB
3c KIIMS
Wilhelm II of Württemberg3c KIIMS5c FAIIB
5c L8HD
2c FSA4c FLW
4c GWHD
4c KMS
3c1r FIIW
3c1r KIIMS
2c FSA
2c LDW
1c1r WIW3c KIIMS2c1r FSA
Friedrich August III of Saxony3c FSC5c FAIIB
5c L8HD
2c MIB
2c MPS
3c FSC
3c KLB
3c1r KFB
3c1r KLB
5c L8HD4c LIXHD2c2r KFB4c1r LIXHD
Ludwig III of Bavaria3c KIIMS2c FSA2c MIB
2c MPS
3c1r GWHD3c1r KIIMS2c FSA4c1r C3ZB
4c1r EAISW
4c1r L8HD
3c KIIMS2c1r FSA
Ernst Ludwig, GD of Hesse and by Rhine1c VGB4c FLW
4c GWHD
4c KMS
3c FSC
3c KLB
3c1r GWHD3c1r FWIIP
3c1r KFB
3c1r KLB
4c GWHD
4c KMS
3c1r FWIIP2c2r KFB3c G3GB
Friedrich Franz IV, GD of Mecklenburg-Schwerin2c1r FW3P3c1r FIIW
3c1r KIIMS
3c1r KFB
3c1r KLB
3c1r KIIMS3c1r FWIIP
3c1r KFB
3c1r KLB
3c1r FIIW
3c1r KIIMS
3c PIR1c1r LIB3c1r KIIMS
Friedrich August II, GD of Oldenburg3c KIIMS2c FSA
2c LDW
5c L8HD2c FSA4c GWHD
4c KMS
3c1r FIIW
3c1r KIIMS
2c1r LDW3c KIIMS2c1r FSA
Wilhelm Ernst, GD of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach2c KFSW1c1r WIW4c LIXHD4c1r C3ZB
4c1r EAISW
4c1r L8HD
3c1r FWIIP3c PIR2c1r LDW2c KFSW4c FWIIP
Friedrich II, GD of Baden1c WIG3c KIIMS2c2r KFB3c KIIMS2c2r KFB1c1r LIB3c KIIMS2c KFSW3c KIIMS
Adolf Friedrich VI, GD of Mecklenburg-Strelitz3c G3GB
3c KIIMS
2c1r FSA4c1r LIXHD2c1r FSA3c G3GB3c1r KIIMS2c1r FSA4c FWIIP3c KIIMS
In order to keep this chart within forum size limits and avoid it having to be split, the second instance of each red link has been removed. That is, the relationships of sovereigns have a red link only when the other sovereign is below them on the left. All relationships are linked still, just only one of the two occurrences of each, and if you go to the intersection of the column of the sovereign below and row of the sovereign above you will find a link there. As a link is available for all relationships they are all in red, though those not directly linked are not underlined.
Peter

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Key:  
C3ZBEAISWFAIIB
Christian III, CP of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (1)Ernst August I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1)F Albrecht II, D of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1)
FIIWFLWFSA
Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg (2)Frederick Lewis, Prince of Wales (1)Friedrich, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (6)
FSCFW3PFWIIP
Franz, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (2)Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia (1)Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia (3)
G3GBGWHDKFB
George III of Great Britain and Ireland (2)Landgrave Georg Wilhelm of Hesse-Darmstadt (3)Karl Friedrich, Grand Duke of Baden (4)
KFSWKIIMSKLB
Karl Friedrich, GD of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (2)Karl II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (12)Karl Ludwig, Hereditary Prince of Baden (3)
KMSL8HDLDW
Duke Karl of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (2)Ludwig VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (3)Duke Ludwig of Württemberg (2)
LIBLIXHDMIB
Leopold I, Grand Duke of Baden (1)Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (2)Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria (1)
MPSPIRVGB
Prince Maximilian of Saxony (1)Paul I Petrovitch of Russia (1)Victoria of Great Britain and Ireland (1)
WIGWIW 
Wilhelm I of Germany  (1)Wilhelm I of Württemberg (1) 
Most connections formed:KIIMS (12)FSA (6)KFB (4)FWIIP, GWHD, KLB, L8HD (3)FIIW, FSC, G3GB, KFSW, KMS, LDW, LIXHD (2)Others (1)
Peter

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IIa: Relationships of the Kings and Grand Dukes with the Dukes of the German Empire at 28 June 1914, the day of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Reigning monarchCarl Eduard
S-Coburg
Friedrich II
Anhalt
Ernst II
S-Altenburg
E August III
Brunswick
Bernhard III
S-Meiningen
Wilhelm II of Germany1c VGB3c FWIIP
3c KIIMS
3c FWIIP
3c KIIMS
3c PIR
3c G3GB
3c KIIMS
2c FW3P
Wilhelm II of Württemberg1c2r PPW2c FSA2c FSA2c1r FSA
2c1r LDW
3c KIIMS
Friedrich August III of Saxony3c FSC4c LIXHD4c LIXHD5c FAIIB
5c FJSC
5c L8HD
4c LIXHD
Ludwig III of Bavaria2c2r FSA2c FSA2c FSA2c1r FSA3c KIIMS
Ernst Ludwig, GD of Hesse and by Rhine1c VGB3c FVHH
3c FWIIP
3c FWIIP3c G3GB3c FWIIP
Friedrich Franz IV, GD of M-Schwerin4c FFIMS3c1r FWIIP
3c1r KIIMS
2c1r FLMS3c1r KIIMS2c1r FW3P
Friedrich August II, GD of Oldenburg2c1r VIIA2c FSA2c FSA1c1r JSA3c KIIMS
Wilhelm Ernst, GD of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach3c1r FIW3c1r FWIIP2c1r GISM3c LDW2c1r GISM
2c1r WIN
Friedrich II, GD of Baden3c2r KIIMS3c FWIIP
3c KIIMS
3c FWIIP
3c KIIMS
3c PIR
3c KIIMS2c FW3P
Adolf Friedrich VI, GD of M-Strelitz3c G3GBN FIAn2c1r FSA2c1r FMS3c KIIMS
Key:  
FAIIBFFIMSFIAn
F Albrecht II, D of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1)Friedrich Franz I, GD of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1)Friedrich I, Duke of Anhalt (1)
FIWFJSCFLMS
Friedrich I of Württemberg (1)Franz Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (1)F Ludwig, HGD of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1)
FMSFSAFSC
Duchess Friederike of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1)Friedrich, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (10)Franz, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (1)
FVHHFW3PFWIIP
Friedrich V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg (1)Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia (3)Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia (9)
G3GBGISMJSA
George III of Great Britain and Ireland (3)Georg I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (2)Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenberg (1)
KIIMSL8HDLDW
Karl II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (13)Ludwig VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (1)Duke Ludwig of Württemberg (2)
LIXHDPIRPPW
Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (3)Paul I Petrovitch of Russia (2)Prince Paul of Württemberg (1)
VGBVIIAWIN
Victoria of Great Britain and Ireland (2)Viktor II, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg (1)Willem I of the Netherlands (1)
Peter

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IIb: Relationships of the Kings and Grand Dukes with the Princes of the German Empire at 28 June 1914, the day of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Reigning monarchG Viktor
Schwarzburg
Friedrich
Waldeck-P
Heinrich XXIV
Reuss Elder
Leopold IV
Lippe
Adolf II
S-Lippe
Heinrich XXVII
Reuss Younger
Wilhelm II of Germany3c1r LIXHD3c1r KIIMS4c LIXHD6c LCSG
6c LKNS
6c WDCR
3c1r FWIIP
3c1r KIIMS
3c1r PIR
3c1r FIIW
3c1r H24RE
Wilhelm II of Württemberg4c EAISW1c1r PPW3c KNW6c JDK2c1r FSA3c FIIW
Friedrich August III of Saxony3c1r LIXHD4c C3ZB4c LIXHD5c1r LKNS4c1r C3ZB
4c1r LIXHD
3c1r H24RE
Ludwig III of Bavaria4c C3ZB
4c EAISW
4c L8HD
2c1r FSA4c1r C3ZB
4c1r L8HD
5c1r LKNS2c1r FSA5c LKNS
Ernst Ludwig, GD of Hesse and by Rhine2c1r FVHH4c1r C3ZB
4c1r FLW
4c1r FWSB
4c1r GWHD
4c1r KMS
3c FVHH6c LCSG
6c LKNS
6c WDCR
3c1r FWIIP3c1r H24RE
Friedrich Franz IV, GD of Mecklenburg-Schwerin2c2r OPS4c FIIW
4c KIIMS
4c1r H24RK
4c1r LIXHD
5c1r AHW
5c1r H24RK
3c FLMS3c1r FIIW
Friedrich August II, GD of Oldenburg4c EAISW
4c FWSB
2c VIIA2c1r VIIA5c1r LAZ2c1r FSA
2c1r VIIA
3c FIIW
Wilhelm Ernst, GD of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach3c1r LIXHD3c FIW3c1r KNW4c CAHL3c GISM3c1r CAHL
3c1r FIIW
Friedrich II, GD of Baden3c1r LIXHD3c1r KIIMS4c LIXHD6c LKNS3c1r FWIIP
3c1r KIIMS
3c1r PIR
3c1r FIIW
Adolf Friedrich VI, GD of Mecklenburg-Strelitz2c2r FVHH3c FSA3c FAD6c1r JDK
6c1r LKNS
3c FSA5c1r FWIP
5c1r PWBS
Adolf Friedrich VI   6c1r GLE  
The two links between Adolf Friedrich VI and Leopold IV are calculated in opposite directions in order to show examples of all three of their nearest relationships. Even if the maximum 10 relationships are shown, due to 7th cousinhoods GLE does not appear in the first direction, and JDK does not in the second.
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Key:  
AHWC3ZBCAHL
Alexander Hermann, Count of Wartensleben (1)Christian III, CP of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (5)C Albrecht, P of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (2)
EAISWFADFIIW
Ernst August I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (3)Friedrich, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau (1)Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg (7)
FIWFLMSFLW
Friedrich I of Württemberg (1)F Ludwig, HGD of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1)Frederick Lewis, Prince of Wales (1)
FSAFVHHFWIIP
Friedrich, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (6)Friedrich V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg (3)Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia (3)
FWIPFWSBGISM
Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia (1)Friedrich Wilhelm, Prince of Solms-Braunfels (2)Georg I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (1)
GLEGWHDH24RE
Georg Ludwig I, Count of Erbach (1)Landgrave Georg Wilhelm of Hesse-Darmstadt (1)Heinrich XXIV, Count Reuss zu Ebersdorf (3)
H24RKJDKKIIMS
Heinrich XXIV, Count Reuss zu Kōstritz (2)Johann Dietrich, Count of Kunowitz (2)Karl II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (5)
KMSKNWL8HD
Duke Karl of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1)Karl Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (2)Ludwig VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (2)
LAZLCSGLIXHD
Lebrecht, Prince of Anhalt-Zeitz-Hoym (1)Ludwig Christian, Count of Stolberg-Gedern (2)Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (9)
LKNSOPSPIR
Ludwig Kraft, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken (7)Otto, Prince of Schōnburg (1)Paul I Petrovitch of Russia (2)
PPWPWBSVIIA
Prince Paul of Württemberg (1)P Wilhelm, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt (1)Viktor II, P of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg (3)
WDCR  
Wolfgang Dietrich, Count of Castell-Remlingen (2)  
Most connections formed IIa-b:KIIMS (18)FSA (16)FWIIP, LIXHD (12)FIIW, LKNS (7)C3ZB (5)FVHH, PIR, VIIA (4)
EAISW, FW3P, G3GB, GISM, H24RE, L8HD (3)CAHL, FIW, FLMS, FWSB, H24RK, JDK, KNW, LCSG, LDW, PPW, VGB, WDCR (2)Others (1)
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IIIa: Relationships between the Dukes of the German Empire at 28 June 1914, the day of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Reigning monarchC EduardFriedrich IIErnst IIE August IIIBernhard III
Carl Eduard, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha2c2r FSA2c2r FSA3c G3GB3c2r AUSM
3c2r KIIMS
Friedrich II, Duke of Anhalt2c2r FSA2c FSA2c FMS3c FWIIP
3c KIIMS
Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg2c2r FSA2c FSA2c1r FSA1c BIISM
Ernst August III, Duke of Brunswick3c G3GB2c FMS2c1r FSA3c KIIMS
Bernhard III, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen3c2r AUSM
3c2r KIIMS
3c FWIIP
3c KIIMS
1c BIISM3c KIIMS
Key:  
AUSMBIISMFMS
Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (1)Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (1)Duchess Friederike of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1)
FSAFWIIPG3GB
Friedrich, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (4)Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia (1)George III of Great Britain and Ireland (1)
KIIMS  
Karl II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (3)  
Peter

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IIIb: Relationships between the Dukes and the Princes of the German Empire at 28 June 1914, the day of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Reigning monarchG Victor
Schwarzburg
Friedrich
Waldeck-P
H XXIV
Reuss Elder
Leopold IV
Lippe
Adolf II
S-Lippe
H XXVII
Reuss Younger
Carl Eduard, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha4c1r C3ZB
4c1r FWSB
N GVWP2c GIIWP6c H24RK
6c LAZ
6c LCSG
6c LKNS
6c WDCR
2c GIIWP3c1r H24RE
Friedrich II, Duke of Anhalt2c1r FVHH2c1r FSA2c1r FAD6c JDK
6c LKNS
2c1r FSA5c FWIP
5c PWBS
Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg3c1r LIXHD2c1r FSA4c LIXHD3c1r CAHLU MSA3c CAHL
Ernst August III, Duke of Brunswick4c1r EAISW
4c1r L8HD
3c FSA3c1r KNW6c PHP3c FSA3c1r FIIW
Bernhard III, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen3c1r LIXHD3c1r KIIMS4c LIXHD
4c WIVO
3c1r CAHL1c1r BIISM3c CAHL
Key:  
BIISMC3ZBCAHL
Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (1)Christian III, CP of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (1)C Albrecht, P of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (4)
EAISWFADFIIW
Ernst August I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1)Friedrich, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau (1)Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg (1)
FSAFVHHFWIP
Friedrich, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (5)Friedrich V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg (1)Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia (1)
FWSBGIIWPGVWP
Friedrich Wilhelm, Prince of Solms-Braunfels (1)Georg II, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont (2)Georg Viktor, P of Waldeck and Pyrmont (1)
H24REH24RKJDK
Heinrich XXIV, Count Reuss zu Ebersdorf (1)Heinrich XXIV, Count Reuss zu Kōstritz (1)Johann Dietrich, Count of Kunowitz (1)
KIIMSKNWL8HD
Karl II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1)Karl Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (1)Ludwig VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (1)
LAZLCSGLIXHD
Lebrecht, Prince of Anhalt-Zeitz-Hoym (1)Ludwig Christian, Count of Stolberg-Gedern (1)Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (4)
LKNSMSAPHP
Ludwig Kraft, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken (2)Prince Moritz of Saxe-Altenburg (1)Philipp, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal (1)
PWBSWDCRWIVO
P Wilhelm, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt (1)Wolfgang Dietrich, Count of Castell-Remlingen (1)Willem IV, Prince of Orange (1)
Peter

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IIIc: Relationships between the Princes of the German Empire at 28 June 1914, the day of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Reigning monarchG VictorFriedrichH XXIVLeopold IVAdolf IIH XXVII
Günther Victor, Prince of Schwarzburg4c C3ZB
4c FWSB
2c1r FVHH4c2r H24RK3c2r LIXHD4c1r H24RK
Friedrich, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont4c C3ZB
4c FWSB
1c1r GIIWP5c1r H24RK
5c1r LAZ
5c1r LKNS
1c1r GIIWP3c1r FIIW
Heinrich XXIV, P. Reuss Elder Line2c1r FVHH1c1r GIIWP5c WHP1c AISL4c1r H24RK
Leopold IV, Prince of Lippe4c2r H24RK5c1r H24RK
5c1r LAZ
5c1r LKNS
5c WHP4c CAHL2c1r KLHL
Adolf II, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe3c2r LIXHD1c1r GIIWP1c AISL4c CAHL3c1r CAHL
Heinrich XXVII, P. Reuss Younger Line4c1r H24RK3c1r FIIW4c1r H24RK2c1r KLHL3c1r CAHL
Key:  
AISLC3ZBCAHL
Adolf I, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe (1)Christian III, CP of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (1)C Albrecht, P of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (2)
FIIWFVHHFWSB
Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg (1)Friedrich V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg (1)Friedrich Wilhelm, Prince of Solms-Braunfels (1)
GIIWPH24RKKLHL
Georg II, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont (2)Heinrich XXIV, Count Reuss zu Kōstritz (4)Karl Ludwig, P of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (1)
LAZLIXHDLKNS
Lebrecht, Prince of Anhalt-Zeitz-Hoym (1)Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (1)Ludwig Kraft, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1)
WHP  
Wilhelm, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal (1)  
Most connections formed IIIa-c:FSA (9)CAHL (6)H24RK, LIXHD (5)GIIWP, KIIMS (4)LKNS (3)BIISM, C3ZB, FIIW, FVHH, FWSB, LAZ (2)
Others (1)
Peter

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Combined statistics 1914 (2) part one: individuals forming four or more connections
CodeNameTIIIIIICodeNameTIIIIII
KIIMSKarl II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz3412184G3GBGeorge III of Great Britain and Ireland6231
FSAFriedrich, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg31  6169EAISWErnst August I, D of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach5131
LIXHDLudwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt19  2125PIRPaul I Petrovitch of Russia514-
FWIIPFriedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia16  3121FW3PFriedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia413-
FIIWFriedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg11  2  72FWSBFriedrich Wilhelm, Prince of Solms-Braunfels4 -22
LKNSLudwig Kraft, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken10  -  73GIIWPGeorg II, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont4 --4
C3ZBChristian III, CP of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld  8  1  52GWHDLandgrave Georg Wilhelm of Hesse-Darmstadt431-
CAHLC Albrecht, P of Hohenlohe-Langenburg  8  -  26H24REHeinrich XXIV, Count Reuss zu Ebersdorf4 -31
H24RKHeinrich XXIV, Count Reuss zu Kōstritz  7  -  25KFBKarl Friedrich, Grand Duke of Baden44--
L8HDLudwig VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt  7  3  31LDWDuke Ludwig of Württemberg422-
FVHHFriedrich V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg  6  -  42VIIAViktor II, P of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg4 -4-
Peter

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Combined statistics 1914 (2) part two: individuals forming three or two connections
CodeNameTIIIIIICodeNameTIIIIII
FSCFranz, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld321-FADFriedrich, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau2-11
GISMGeorg I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen3-3-FAIIBFerdinand Albrecht II, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel211-
JDKJohann Dietrich, Count of Kunowitz3-21FIWFriedrich I of Württemberg2-2-
KLBKarl Ludwig, Hereditary Prince of Baden33--FLMSFriedrich Ludwig, Hereditary GD of Mecklenburg-Schwerin2-2-
KMSDuke Karl of Mecklenburg-Strelitz321-FLWFrederick Lewis, Prince of Wales211-
KNWKarl Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg3-21FMSDuchess Friederike of Mecklenburg-Strelitz2-11
LAZLebrecht, Prince of Anhalt-Zeitz-Hoym3-12FWIPFriedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia2-11
LCSGLudwig Christian, Count of Stolberg-Gedern3-21KFSWKarl Friedrich, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach22--
VGBVictoria of Great Britain and Ireland312-PPWPrince Paul of Württemberg2-2-
WDCRWolfgang Dietrich, Count of Castell-Remlingen3-21PWBSPhilipp Wilhelm, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt2-11
BIISMBernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen2--2      
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Combined statistics 1914 (2) part three: individuals forming only one connection
CodeNameIIIIIICodeNameIIIIII
AHWAlexander Hermann, Count of Wartensleben-1-MIBMaximilian I Joseph of Bavaria1--
AISLAdolf I, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe--1MPSPrince Maximilian of Saxony1--
AUSMAnton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen--1MSAPrince Moritz of Saxe-Altenburg--1
FFIMSFriedrich Franz I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin-1-OPSOtto, Prince of Schōnburg-1-
FIAnFriedrich I, Duke of Anhalt-1-PHPPhilipp, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal--1
FJSCFranz Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld-1-WHPWilhelm, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld--1
GLEGeorg Ludwig I, Count of Erbach-1-WIGWilhelm I of Germany1--
GVWPGeorg Viktor, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont--1WINWillem I of the Netherlands-1-
JSAJoseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenberg-1-WIVOWillem IV, Prince of Orange--1
KLHLKarl Ludwig, 3rd Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg--1WIWWilhelm I of Württemberg1--
LIBLeopold I, Grand Duke of Baden1--     
Peter

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A note on posterities

In view of the number of sovereigns involved, it seems best to start with a table showing which of them has living descendants today. In the headings of the table that follows, p (proles) signifies that the sovereign does have descendants today, sps (sine proles superstite) that the sovereign had at least one child and perhaps further descent, but all descent is now extinct, and sp (sine prole) that the sovereign was childless. Sovereigns that had children are linked to a Genealogics chart of their descendants, and those that did not to their Genealogics individual page.

SovereignpspsspSovereignpspssp
Wilhelm II, German Emperor and King of Prussia  Friedrich II, Duke of Anhalt  
Wilhelm II, King of Württemberg  Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg  
Friedrich August III, King of Saxony  Ernst August III, Duke of Brunswick  
Ludwig III, King of Bavaria  Bernhard III, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen  
Ernst Ludwig, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine  Günther ViKtor, Prince of Schwarzburg  
Friedrich Franz IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin  Friedrich, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont  
Friedrich August II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg  Heinrich XXIV, Prince Reuss Elder Line  
Wilhelm Ernst, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach  Leopold IV, Prince of Lippe  
Friedrich II, Grand Duke of Baden  Adolf II, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe  
Adolf Friedrich VI, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz  Heinrich XXVII, Prince Reuss Younger Line  
Carl Eduard, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha      

Of the six sovereigns that were childless, Adolf Friedrich VI and Heinrich XXIV in fact never married, the former apparently not inclined to marry and the latter not able to, as he was left physically and mentally disabled by a tragic childhood accident. He was the last of his line, no doubt adding to his parents’ anguish, if anything could have, so the Princes Reuss Younger Line are now simply Princes Reuss. Descent survives from three of Heinrich XXIV's sisters, including Hermine who was second wife of Emperor Wilhelm II. By her first marriage she was great-grandmother to Grand Duke George of Russia; we must hope that he will eventually marry equally and produce further descent.

Adolf Friedrich VI was not quite the last of his line, but his suicide in 1918 still left the Strelitz succession in a fair muddle, eventually resolved after various twists and turns by demorganatising the Carlow branch of the family, the head of which, Duke Borwin, is today heir to both the Mecklenburg Grand Duchies; his nearest relationship to Adolf Friedrich VI is shown here.

The other childless sovereigns were married but failed of issue. Interesting collateral descendants include, for Friedrich II of Baden, Margrethe II of Denmark and Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, great-great-grandchildren of his sister Viktoria; for Friedrich II of Anhalt, Grand Duke George again, great-great-grandson of his brother Eduard; for Günther Viktor, Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, great-great-grandson of his sister Marie; and for Adolf II his brother Stephan's grandson Christoph, Prince of Schleswig-Holstein, present head of the entire House of Oldenburg.

More tragedy is involved in the stories of the two sovereigns that had issue, but with no descent surviving. Ernst Ludwig of Hesse and by Rhine had three children and three grandchildren, but his daughter died young, his elder son perished in an air crash along with two of the grandchildren, the third of whom died two years later aged only two, and his younger son died childless in 1968, at which point the Hesse-Darmstadt branch became extinct in male line, though ample descent survives from Ernst Ludwig’s sisters Victoria and Irene. Victoria’s descendants include the present Prince of Wales, her great-grandson.

Bernhard III of Saxe-Meiningen had just one child, his daughter Feodora, who married but had no children. After suffering all her life from the agonising hereditary disease porphyria, she killed herself aged 66, unable to face yet more years of torment. His most prominent collateral descendant is Archduke Karl of Austria, great-grandson of his paternal half-brother Friedrich, who aged 52 was killed in action in the early days of the war.

Posterity does survive from the other 13 sovereigns, as can be seen from the links, but only one of them can claim a current sovereign among their descent. This is Carl Eduard of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, who was the maternal grandfather of Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden. Ernst August III of Brunswick could make that claim, and will be able to again; Constantine II, former King of the Hellenes, is his grandson and the Prince of Asturias his great-grandson. And since Ernst August's wife was Princess Victoria of Prussia, only daughter of the Emperor Wilhelm II, he could also say as much. Another who one day will be able to is Ludwig III of Bavaria, since Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein is his great-great-great-grandson. Due to forum size limits, I will continue what I have to say in the next post.

Peter

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A note on posterities part 2 

I like in these notes to focus on descent to current sovereigns. The preceding part however contains most of can be said about that, though I will add to it by pointing out that Margrethe II of Denmark is the granddaughter of Friedrich Franz IV's sister Alexandrine and Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands the great-grandson of Leopold IV's brother Bernhard. With the demise of equal marriage it is unlikely that there will ever be very much more to add in the future; however, not descended is not the same as not related. I began this note with a table and will end with one, this time showing the spread of descent among current sovereigns from the top ten ancestors (those forming seven or more connections) of the 1914 German Realms sovereigns.

.KIIMSFSALIXHDFWIIPFIIWLKNSC3ZBCAHLH24RKL8HDT
Carl XVI Gustaf10
Henri10
W-Alexander10
Philippe10
Margrethe II   9
Harald V   9
Juan Carlos I      6
Hans-Adam II      6
Albert II        4
Elizabeth II          1
Total6696899589 

It will be noted that the most exiguous collection belongs to the Queen, followed by the two sovereign Princes and Juan Carlos I. The Prince of Wales however has everyone bar CAHL and H24RK. The Prince of Asturias has CAHL as well as all the others his father lacks, so that will be five with a full set in the future, and he remember descends from two of the actual 1914 sovereigns as well. Descent from their ancestors, if not from them, is as you can see widespread among the other sovereigns, even if they cannot all claim a perfect 10. Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein incidentally adds FIIW, FSA, and KIIMS, so when he eventually succeeds Liechtenstein’s score will be raised to 9, lacking only FWIIP.

A final thought; the table shows that LIXHD, Ludwig IX of Hesse-Darmstadt, is an ancestor of all current sovereigns bar the Queen (as is also the case with L8HD, C3ZB and LKNS, but they were all earlier than LIXHD, being in fact his father, his father-in-law and his wife's maternal grandfather, so are not germane to what follows). As he is also an ancestor of the Prince of Wales, he will one day replace Jan Willem Friso, Prince of Orange, as most recent common ancestor of all current sovereigns (an observation originally made by Theodore Harvey in this forum, and one I have never seen stated anywhere else).

Equal marriages being so rare nowadays, once he assumes this position he is unlikely ever to be displaced from it. The only way that would happen is if Princess Alexandra of Hanover, another descendant of all 10 ancestors shown above, were to one day succeed to Monaco. As Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein is an FSA descendant, that would make Friedrich, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg the new nearest common ancestor (FIIW and KIIMS would then also be ancestors of all, but both were earlier than FSA, KIIMS being in fact his father-in-law). However, as Princess Alexandra has three older siblings in line for Monaco her accession seems unlikely, even if the present Prince does not have legitimate issue.

And when her oldest half-brother Andreas married the mother of his son Sasha, that legitimated the child and pushed Princess Alexandra even further down the line. It would not have affected her position in the succession anywhere else, but in Monaco children legitimised by subsequent marriage have full rights, so long as they were not the result of adultery – Albert II’s half-Togolese son Alexandre would have become heir apparent in this way, had his father been willing to marry his mother. And with that I will conclude both digression and note.

Peter

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If you wish to reply to this topic, you are invited to do so in the discussion thread at the top of the page. This thread has been locked, for reasons explained there.

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